There are multiple ways to get textbooks at no cost. Some are older versions, some written with licences such as Creative Commons and GNU Free Documentation. It is simply knowing where to look.

Included are both Free Online, and Free Downloadable texts in various formats e.g. ebooks, PDF, Word, … . Listed books are at Tertiary or senior secondary level unless otherwise indicated.

They are listed under Major Learning Areas, then Specific Areas in these. The Other Subjects section includes the remainder. Areas such as Mathematics, Sciences and Computing have larger offerings.

This page looks at major sources for free textbook and textbooks for Education, Mathematics and Technology & Computing.

The Second Page looks at Language, Science, Social Sciences, Other Subjects and Preprints.

No Outright Recommendation is given for any textbook. Individuals must make their own decision.

Major Sources

  • 1 000+ Open Textbooks and Learning Resources for All Subjects
    ‘This list is essentially a free online textbook library. Here, we’ve gathered hundreds of links to open textbooks and online courses from different websites and sorted them by subject’.
  • 200 Free Textbooks [Open Culture]
    ‘Free textbooks written by knowledgeable scholars are a relatively new phenomenon. Below, find a list of 170 free Textbooks’.
  • 2020ok Books
    Covers areas from Art & Photography through to Travel and includes most academic areas.
  • 60+ Places to Find and Use Audio and Ebooks
    While there are audio and ebooks, fiction and non-fiction, there is a section for Free education books and textbooks with numerous sites, a number of which are included separately on these pages. There is also a section for Reference works.
  • Alex Catalogue of Electronic Texts
    ‘Public domain and open access documents with a focus on American and English literature as well as Western philosophy’.
  • BCcampus OpenEd Resources
    ‘Made available online to be freely used by students, teachers and members of the public. They are available for free as online versions, and as low-cost printed versions, should students opt for these They are licensed with a Creative Commons license’. Most title have multiple downloads including the actual book and related materials.
  • Bibliomania
    Reference books, classic fiction/drama/… , literature book notes, study guides, articles, interviews.
  • Bookboon
    ‘Download free online textbooks. All our books are available in PDF and you can download them directly without registration’.
  • Bookshelf
    ‘Free access to over 700 texts in life science and healthcare. Bookshelf enables users to easily browse, retrieve and read content, and spurs discovery of related information’.
  • CK-12 Foundation
    ‘CK-12 provides open-source content and technology tools to help teachers provide learning opportunities for students globally’.
  • College Open Textbooks
    ‘We have made a decision to redirect visitors from to other resources we believe are more valuable for students, teachers, and institutions’.
  • Connexions
    ‘House[s] one of the largest repositories of open educational resources in the world. All materials are housed free of charge in a variety of formats. Content is accessible not only online, but in PDF and EPUB formats, as well as being available through a print-on-demand option’.
  • Directory of Open Access Books
    ‘Generally speaking, all books listed in DOAB are free to read and share for non-commercial use. Please check the license if you want to re-use the contents of a book. use the Search pages if you have a specific question. Use the Browse pages to look at several books that are related in some way’. “Free Access” link provides downloads. Thousands of books.
  • eBookLobby
    ‘These free ebooks are divided into different categories. Categories range from business, art, computing to education’.
  • Free Business eBooks
    ‘Sites that legally offer free books relating to business, for reading and listening [audio]’. Really extensive but not just business books.
    ‘ provides more than 2 000 free scientific books’. Also theses, student notes, other links.
  • Gradesaver
    Free Online Study Guides. Extensive listing grouped alphabetically. Download as PDF documents.
  • Jekkle
    ‘Uni Text Books Online. Rent, Buy and Sell Australian Uni Textbooks’. Not free, but the next cheapest method for gaining textbooks [while also being able to sell them here].
  • Major Online Text Collections by Language
    ‘Links to a number of these sites, organised according to language and/or subject are provided. Also references to specific texts, in particular for unusual languages and unusual texts’.
    ‘Provides access to curated online earning and support materials and content creation tools, led by an international community of educators, learners and researchers’. Not restricted to texts, with options for various material and also a wide range of filters.
  • OER Commons
    Search by subject area, level, material type, more. News, information, recommended resources, … .
  • Open Book Project
    ‘Seeks to encourage and coordinate collaboration among students and teachers for the development of high quality, freely distributable textbooks and educational materials on a wide range of topics’.
  • OpenStax College
    ‘View and share free educational material in small modules that can be organised as courses, books, reports or other academic assignments. OpenStax publishes high-quality, peer-reviewed, openly licensed textbooks that are absolutely free online and low cost in print’.
  • Open Textbook Library
    ‘Reviewed by faculty from a variety of colleges and universities to assess their quality. These books can be downloaded for no cost, or printed at low cost’.
  • Open SUNY Textbooks
    ‘On this site you’ ll find openly licensed textbooks and courses written and curated by SUNY Faculty’.
  • Oxford Scholarship Online
    ‘Access to online monographs in the core areas of : Biology, Business & Management, Classics, Economics and Finance, History, Law, Linguistics, Literature, Maths, Music, Philosophy, Physics, Political Science, Psychology, Public Health, Religion and Social Work’. Access through a subscribing institution.
  • TextbookRevolution
    ‘A student-run site dedicated to increasing the use of free educational materials by teachers and professors. Some of the books are PDF files, others are viewable online as ebooks, or some are simply web sites containing course or multimedia content’.
  • The Orange Grove
    ‘Open Collections. The collections are open to the public and include Open Courseware, Open Textbooks, 3d object models, learning modules, and videos’. Other sections as well.

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  • Perseus Digital Library,
    ‘An evolving digital library, … . Our primary goal is to bring a wide range of source materials to as large an audience as possible’.
  • Project Gutenberg
    ‘20 000 free books in the Project Gutenberg Online Book Catalogue. Project Gutenberg is the oldest producer of free ebooks on the Internet’. Also try the Australian version, which has options unavailable at the US site.
  • Science Books Online
    ‘Free science ebooks, textbooks, lecture notes, monographs and other science related documents. All texts available for free reading online, or downloading in various formats’.

Second-Hand Books



    ‘Booksellers on AbeBooks offer a vast selection of new and used textbooks’. USA but with free shipping.
  • BooksIntoCash
    ‘Buying textbooks on the internet since 2000’. USA. No free shipping to/from Australia as far as we can see.
  • Sparknotes
    Study guides [in booklet form] covering many areas, predominantly Language based.
    ‘Find free etextbooks available for immediate download, by entering title, author, or key words for the textbook’.
  • Textbook Revolution
    ‘The web’s source for free educational materials. TBR’s mission is to drive the adoption of Free textbooks by teachers and professors. We want to get these books into classrooms’.
  • The Assayer
    ‘The web’s largest catalogue of books whose authors have made them available for free. The site is a particularly good place to find free books about maths, science, and computers’.
  • The National Academies Press
    ‘We offer more than 4 000 titles in PDF format. All can be downloaded for free by the chapter or the entire book’. Accounting to Transportation & Infrastructure.
  • The Online Books Page
    University of Pennsylvania. Browse by subject term, call number [often Library of Congress] or an alphabetical listing of all subject terms.
  • Wikibooks
    ‘With [a] mission to create a free collection of open-content textbooks anyone can edit. Volunteers have written about 25 000 modules in a multitude of textbooks.

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  • A Framework for K-12 Science Education : Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas
    ‘Proposes a new approach to K-12 science education that will capture students’ interest and provide them with the necessary foundational knowledge in the field’. Free in PDF format.
  • Blended Learning in K-12
    ‘Overview of the concept of blended learning and how it relates to the integration of technologies in the K-12 environment’.
  • Education for an Information Age
    ‘The primary goal of the text is to help you incorporate the computer into your K-12 curriculum’. multiple formats available [PDF, ePub, Kindle, Daisy, … .
  • rel="nofollow"Free Educational Books & eBooks
    Not all the inclusions will be applicable in the educational sector but many are well worth considering. Multiple formats though not all are offered with the same, or as many options.
  • Free High School Learning Materials
    While much is USA-oriented, there are still many links to material usable by other areas of the world. Includes Textbooks and Audio-Video. Grouped in topic areas to make it easier to find what you want to use.
  • Knowing What Students Know
    The Science and Design of Educational Assessment 2001. Free in PDF format.
  • Open Textbook Library - Education Textbooks
    Extensive listing of well-annotated text covering numerous areas of education. Most available in several formats, e.g. online, ebook, PDF.
  • Taking Science to School
    2007. ‘By looking at a broad range of questions, this book provides a basic foundation for guiding science teaching and supporting students in their learning’. Free in PDF format.
  • Teaching Assistant’s Handbook
    2005. ‘Janet Kay’s best-selling Teaching Assistant’s Handbook has been revised and updated especially for Teaching Assistants working in the primary school’.
  • Teaching with Style
    2002. A Practical Guide to Enhancing Learning by Understanding Teaching and Learning Styles, Tony Grasha.

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  • 2020ok Mathematics
    Select sub-categories from Applied Maths to Trigonometry.
  • A First Course in Linear Algebra [A Free Textbook]
    ‘This is an evolving description of books and software that could be used to design a totally open undergraduate mathematics curriculum. This is meant to be a selective list, so you can consider these to be personal recommendations, not just links I’ve found promising. As such there will be a limited number of entries in each category. The first criteria in selecting texts is that preference will be given to those that are truly free’. Often multiple books on the same topic.
  • AMS :: Mathematics History Books [and more]
    ‘ Free Online Books and Free Online Resources’ primarily covering mathematics history. Also has Biographies and Interviews with famous Mathematicians as well as Obituaries and Tributes for mathematicians of note. Readers may now view online the full archive of the Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society since 1891, searchable and fully integrated with the modern Bulletin, freely accessible to all.
  • Approved Textbooks [American Inst. of Mathematics]
    ‘The list groups open textbooks by course title. All the books have been judged to meet the evaluation criteria set by the AIM editorial’ group. Extensive listing with multiple options for some individual titles.
  • Free Mathematics Books
    ‘Alphabetical list of online mathematics books, textbooks, monographs, lecture notes and other documents freely available on the web’. A Categorised Directory is found here.
  • Free Mathematics ebooks
    ‘Ebooks and guides on Mathematics, which can be viewed online or downloadable in PDF, CHM, RAR or ZIP’ formats.
  • Free, Online Mathematics Books
    Online texts, books and similar resources related to Mathematics, online Maths Courses and Lecture Notes.
  • Free Textbooks [molnar.math]
    ‘This is a list of Math books that [a] could be used as textbooks for college courses and [b] can be downloaded for free from the internet. Currently all books except Devlin’s are available as PDFs’.
  • Helping Children Learn Mathematics
    52 page text covering reasons why some children are not learning mathematics as well as they should and how this can be overcome. Free in PDF format.
  • Mathematics Books Online
    ‘General, Elementary Algebra & Trigonometry, Abstract Algebra, Mathematical Analysis & Calculus, Differential Equations, Linear Algebra, Geometry & Topology, Mathematical Logic, Category Theory, Number Theory, Probability & Statistics, Computational Mathematics, Applied Mathematics & Mathematical Physics, History of Mathematics & Popular Books’.
  • MSRI Book Series
    ‘The book series Mathematical Sciences Research Institute Publications is now published by Cambridge University Press, and new books are posted here in full text, a few months after publication. All these volumes are in print’.
  • Online Mathematics Textbooks
    Nearly 70 links to online texts Free to use. Mathematics from Calculus to an Introduction to Vectors.
  • OpenStax Mathematics
    ‘Peer-reviewed. Openly licensed. 100% free. And backed by additional learning resources. Review our OpenStax textbooks and decide if they are right for your course. Simple to adopt, free to use. We make it easy to improve student access to higher education’.
  • Open Textbook Library - Mathematics
  • The Best Free Math Textbooks
    ‘Here we’ve selected some of the best available free maths textbooks. Includes Text title, Comments, Author, Download link, Additional link, Subject information’.
  • Virtual Maths Library
    ‘Interactive Maths Resources !’ Geared for K-12. Covers all the major topics. USA. You need to use a Google sign-in to access the resources.


  • +20 Free Algebra Books [PDF] -
    ‘If you are interested in studying about this important mathematical discipline, check out our more than 20 books on algebra in PDF format, available for immediate download to your electronic devices’.
  • Elementary Algebra - Open Textbook Library
    ‘Traditionally, the study of algebra is separated into a two parts, elementary algebra and intermediate algebra. This textbook, Elementary Algebra, is the first part, written in a clear and concise manner, making no assumption of prior algebra experience. It carefully guides students from the basics to the more advanced techniques required to be successful in the next course’.
  • Linear Algebra [J Hefferon]
    ‘Covers an undergraduate first course, with a prerequisite of Calculus I. A separate file with all answers, fully worked, is also freely downloadable’.
  • Linear Algebra [Peter Petersen]
    ‘Covers the aspects of linear algebra that are included in most advanced undergraduate texts’.


  • Advanced Calculus
    Lynn Loomis and Schlomo Sternberg. Harvard University.
  • Calculus Textbook
    Online text by Gilbert Strang, 2005. MIT Open Courseware. Instructor’s manual and student Study Guide. Includes a series of videos.
  • Calculus on the Web
    Done by Temple University. 7 books in this group from Precalculus to Number Theory and Abstract Algebra.
  • Precalculus [Collingwood, Prince, Conroy]
    2011. ‘The basic theme of this book is to study precalculus within the context of problem solving’.

General Mathematics

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Technology & Computing


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