AUSSIE EDUCATOR

English as a Second Language [ESL]

Australia is one of the most multicultural countries in the world. There is a high percentage of the population for whom English is not their first, or sometimes even their second language. Significant numbers arrive in Australia with no English language at all. Indigenous people may also have a different first language.

All systems work to provide English language skills so that everyone is able to access all areas of life and participate fully, irrespective of age, previous nationality, wealth or any other factor.

This page looks at English as a Second Language, or EAL/D studies in all states & territories. It covers programs, New Arrivals, interpreting & translation, funding, guidelines, Commonwealth support, more. Other information covers English Language schools, ESL jobs and journals.

Check the ESL Resources page for further assistance.

Australian Capital Territory

Education Directorate

Documents

  • English as an Additional Language or Dialect Programs
    Translating and Interpreting Service, Introductory English Centres, Parent Fact Sheet [multiple languages], Literacy and Useful Resources.
  • Introductory English Centres - Education
    ‘IECs are co-located in mainstream schools and provide support to newly arrived students with minimal English through intensive language teaching, prior to entry into mainstream schooling’. Details, including contact information, for the 6 schools is provided.
  • Translating and Interpreting
    Details on this page. Call  131 450 for further details. Multiple FAQ pages covering topics; Videos; Help to use the system; Charges and Free Services; more.

Other Information

  • ATESOL ACT
    ‘Our members work within a range of contexts including school education, adult new arrivals programs, ELICOS, tertiary studies and research programs. We aim to support all teachers and learners of English as an additional language within the ACT’.
  • English Language : Canberra Institute of Technology
    ‘CIT English language courses assist students to achieve functional English so they can maximise settlement opportunities in Australia. They are designed to improve skills in speaking, listening, reading and writing, from beginner to advanced level’.
  • English Language Teaching Centres [Canberra]
    Links and information about ‘Australian National University College; University of Canberra College; Canberra Institute of Technology’.
  • University of Canberra College English Language Centre [UCCELC]
    ‘The University of Canberra College English Language Centre has prepared international students for entry to the University of Canberra since 1969’. Links to several options.

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New South Wales

Department of Education

Documents

  • English as an Additional Language or Dialect : Advice for Schools
    2020. ‘Guidelines for the successful operation and management of EAL/D programs in government primary schools, high schools, Intensive English Centres and the Intensive English High School’.
  • EAL/D School Evaluation Framework
    ‘The EAL/D School Evaluation Framework is a tool that school communities can use to evaluate how well their school is working towards achieving a sustained whole school EAL/D student support strategy’.
  • Intensive English Centre [IEC] Guide
    Introduction; Support; Centres; How they operate; Principals and others; Contacts.
  • New Translations
    ‘The department adds new translations of information and documents regularly’. [Also see Translations section in the Interpreting and Translations link below.]
  • Supporting EAL/D students in schools
    ‘EAL/D student support aims to develop EAL/D students’ English language competence and improve their learning outcomes throughout the curriculum’.
  • English as a Second Language
    HSC Course. Syllabus, Documents [PDF and/or Word], Assessment and examination materials, Other support materials. For Years K-10 see the English Syllabus [‘Students learning English as an additional language or dialect’].
  • English as an Additional Language/Dialect Education
    Overview, links to guidelines and resources, supporting documents, more.
  • English Help
    For Parents. ‘Being able to communicate and understand the written and spoken word is an important building block to learning. These resources will help you support the development of your child’s English skill’.
  • English Language Proficiency
    ‘The loading for English language proficiency is a resource allocation for students learning English as an additional language or dialect who are migrants, refugees or humanitarian entrants or the children of migrants, refugees or humanitarian entrants’. Explanation of the process.
  • Excellence for Students learning English as an Additional Language or Dialect
    ‘Teaching and learning adjustments are required for your EAL/D students, as English language competence is essential for full engagement in schooling and to ensure equitable learning and wellbeing outcomes. Policy and Context; Understanding EAL/D student performance’.
  • Intensive English Centres
    ‘Intensive English Centres and the Intensive English High School provide intensive English tuition to newly arrived, high school aged students whose first language is not English. In addition, the IECs and the IEHS provide orientation, settlement and wellbeing programs to prepare students for learning in a NSW government high school and to participate in Australian society’. Questions and Answers on a number of topics plus contact details for all of these centres.
  • IEC Online
    NSW DE International Education. ‘From Term 1 2021 [February], students in Years 7-11 who are outside Australia will be able to study with an Intensive English Centre online. This initiative has been created to allow students to study at an IEC while waiting for Australian borders to reopen’.
  • Interpreting and Translations
    Services to assist parents of children requiring ESL assistance [among others]. Government schools. Also check the Translated documents page.
  • Languages
    ‘Welcome to the Languages section where educators can find resources to support and enhance languages programs in NSW public schools’. They also provide opportunities for students whose first language is not English.
  • Meeting the needs of students for whom English is an additional language or dialect
    Australian Curriculum. Definition of those in need; Planning; Legislation, Policies and Principles; Links to ACARA resources; and Links to state and territory resources.
  • Multicultural Education
    Includes links to sections on English as an Additional Language/Dialect education, Interpreting and translation services and Refugee education.
  • Planning EAL/D support
    ‘EAL/D teachers work in cooperation with class teachers and other specialist teachers to support EAL/D students. All teachers are responsible for establishing a class environment that promotes differentiated learning and values cultural and linguistic diversity’.
  • Teaching English Language Learners across the curriculum [TELL]
    ‘Professional learning to support teachers of EAL/D learners across the range of school subject areas’.

Other Information

  • ATESOL NSW
    ‘ATESOL NSW’s members come from all education systems and sectors: early childhood, primary, secondary, tertiary, ELICOS, adult and community education. Our mission is to advocate on behalf of and improve educational outcomes for learners of English as an additional language or dialect (EAL/D), including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students who speak traditional Indigenous languages, creoles and varieties of Aboriginal English’.
  • English Language Centre [The University of Newcastle]
    ‘The University of Newcastle English Language Centre specialises in teaching English to students from all over the world’.
  • English Language Courses Online - TAFE NSW
    ‘Over 20 English language courses to get you where you want to be, faster’. Further information. Also check their link to the Adult Migrant English Program [AMEP].
  • Mary MacKillop Catholic College
    This school is one of three in the Sydney Catholic System having an Intensive English Centre. Information on a Catholic Intensive English Centre and English as an Additional Language or Dialect program. Another is Patrician Brothers College Fairfield. Most other diocese would have similar centres.
  • Adult Migrant English Program - AMEP [Navitas English]
    ‘Learn English and digital skills to further your education, start a new career or get greater independence’. Navitas has multiple centres in Sydney plus one in Canberra [ACT].
  • Quality Centres [NSW]
    NEAS. Lists a significant range of centres which ‘are Quality Endorsed by NEAS against the NEAS Quality Assurance Framework. These centres partake in annual quality review and continuous improvement activities with the support of NEAS’. Universities, colleges, academies, ... .

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Northern Territory

Department of Education

Documents

  • English as a Second Language
    Overview; links to Intensive English Units; English as a second language in schools; and English as a second language for Indigenous students.
  • English as a Second Language in Schools
    English as a Second language in schools; ESL instruction in classes; School reports.
  • Intensive English Student Placement and Progress
    Darwin High School. ‘The English language development of students attending the SIEU is assessed using the English as a Second Language [ESL] outcomes from the Northern Territory Curriculum Framework [NTCF]. The framework provides information about each student’s progress in reading, writing, listening and speaking in English’.
  • Intensive English Units
    ‘Intensive English units for primary, middle and secondary year students are located in specific schools in urban areas. Primary intensive English details; Middle and senior intensive English; Help with transport; Before you apply; How to apply; Contact details’.

Other Information

  • English Language Courses
    Charles Darwin University, VET. ‘The English Language, Literacy and Numeracy team offers English classes to improve your general English skills, help you prepare for further studies and help you obtain and maintain employment’.
  • STEPS Adult Migrant English Program [AMEP]
    ‘The Adult Migrant English Program is funded by the Australian Government and provides unlimited hours of free English language lessons to eligible migrants and humanitarian entrants’. The courses listed are based in the Northern Territory

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Queensland

Education Queensland

  • Advice for Parents
    ‘Parents play a very important role in supporting student learning’. Available to download in multiple languages.

Documents

  • Bandscales State Schools [Queensland]
    ‘The Bandscales provide a map of EAL/D learner progress in learning the English language in the school context. Their purpose is not to describe an intended EAL/D curriculum. Rather, they are descriptions of typical second language acquisition and development. They enable teachers to assess the language and learning support necessary to enable EAL/D learners to access the intended curriculum across all learning areas’. An Introductory Guide to the Bandscales is found here.
  • Cultural and Linguistic Diversity
    ‘Schools respond to the educational needs of students from diverse cultural and linguistic backgrounds’. A range of links to policies, documents and information on this page. These range from Indigenous Partnerships to Guidelines for using interpreters, Intensive English Centres to International students needing help with EAL/D.
  • English as an Additional Language or Dialect Students
    ‘Students who are learning the English language while they learn the school curriculum are known as English as an additional language or dialect [EAL/D] learners’.
  • Information for English language support in Queensland state schools
    Introduction and links to further specific details..
  • Intensive Language Units
    ‘Students within their first 12 months of Australian schooling, with very low proficiency in English, can access support through an Intensive Language Unit [ILU]. The type of support provided by each ILU is a school-based decision. Ideally, students spend part of each day in the ILU and the remainder in a mainstream context’. Contact details for each unit are included.
  • Teaching Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander EAL/D learners
    Clear structures to provide appropriate assistance to develop appropriate skills levels. ‘The Framework is applicable to teachers working in remote, regional and urban contexts across Australia’. Used in several states/territories.

Other Information

  • Adult Migrant English Program - AMEP [TAFE Queensland]
    ‘The Adult Migrant English Program (AMEP) offers free basic English language classes to help you settle into your new life in Australia. The AMEP is funded by the Australian Government Department of Home Affairs. In Queensland, the AMEP is delivered through TAFE Queensland’.
  • Diversity in Independent Schools
    Independent schools ‘support students with English as an additional language or dialect’ as part of their diversity [see pages 8, 9].
  • English as an Additional Language/Dialect [EAL/D]
    Brisbane Catholic Education Schools. ‘BCE provides a school wide approach to supporting EAL/D learners with the aim of progressing their academic learning outcomes and supporting their social and emotional growth’. It is believed other Queensland Diocese would have similar approaches.
  • English Language Courses [TAFE Queensland]
    ‘TAFE Queensland offers intensive English language courses that will set you on the path to reaching the English language level you need to advance your studies. Our English language courses have been developed to offer you comprehensive everyday and academic English language skills in an accelerated learning format’.
  • QATESOL
    ‘Queensland Association of Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages is Queensland’s only professional association concerned primarily with the teaching of English to speakers of other languages [TESOL] across primary, secondary and tertiary contexts’.

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South Australia

Department for Education

Documents

  • Language and Literacy Levels across the Australian Curriculum : EALD Students
    ‘Developed by the Department of Education and Child Development, South Australia. The EALD Program, Literacy Secretariat, DECD would like to acknowledge the foundational work laid by the SACSA ESL Scope and Scales’.
  • LEAP - Introduction
    ‘LEAP is an assessment, monitoring and reporting document for all teachers, which can be used to inform learning design. One section indicates : identify the appropriate support category to inform and direct allocations of EALD funding while covering English language teaching completely’. There are several documents in this series. For links to these, see the second link in the following section where they are listed [all in PDF format].
  • English as an Additional Language
    SACE. ‘Stage 1 English as an Additional Language is designed to improve students’ general proficiency in the English language. There is an emphasis on communication, comprehension, analysis and text creation. This subject leads to Stage 2, which has a focus on developing students’ academic literacy skills’. Information for students in Years 11 and 12.
  • English as an Additional Language or Dialect Program
    ‘This information is for non-department teachers and others seeking resources or employment by the department as English as an additional language or dialect [EALD] teachers; Community Liaison Officers [CLO]; Bilingual School Support Officer (BSSO)’.
  • English Language Support
    Covers English Language Courses and Services; Support to learn English; and Support for non-English speaking students.
  • Intensive English Programs
    SACE. Refers to these in relation to Years 11 and 12 gaining Other Recognised Learning Credits.
  • Interpreting and Translating
    SA.GOV.AU. Brief statement relating to the process in state schools. Links, including one to the state Interpreting and Translating Centre.
  • Student Support Programs
    Covers three main programs - Support to learn English, Gifted and Talented Education and Student mentoring [may also be relevant].
  • Support for students from non-English speaking backgrounds
    ‘Provides support for students of non-English speaking backgrounds and their families at schools and new arrivals centres’. Also includes links to related information including hours of business.
  • Support to Learn English
    ‘Students with minimal English who have recently arrived in South Australia may be eligible for support to learn English for living and studying in South Australia’. Details cover : An Intensive English Language program [Primary] and a New Arrivals program [Secondary]; Who is eligible ?; Locations all centres; links to related information. Translations in multiple languages are available.

Other Information

  • Adult Migrant English Program [AMEP]
    ‘To register for the AMEP visit your nearest TAFE SA AMEP campus located at’ the places detailed.
  • English as a Second Language [TAFE SA]
    ‘TAFE SA offers courses to help non-English-speaking students communicate socially and in their studies. Courses are run at beginner, intermediate and advanced level. They focus on students’ individual language needs, and cover speaking, listening, reading and writing’.
  • English Language Courses and Services
    SA.GOV.AU. ‘English language courses and services are available to help people from non-English speaking backgrounds to work, live and study in Australia’. Covers Pre-school age children; School age children; Adult students : TAFE SA students, International university students, New Arrivals program and Adult Migrant English Program [AMEP].
  • Interpreting and Translating
    ‘Welcome to the Interpreting and Translating Centre. On-site interpreting; Telephone Interpreting; Translating; Contact details; other aspects’. Department of Human Services S.A.
  • Students with English as an Additional Language
    Catholic Education Office. Covers multiple programs including this.
  • The EAL Learner – Learners of English as an Additional Language
    Catholic Education. ‘The EAL Learner website is designed to provide support for educators who work with learners of English as an Additional Language and a meeting and sharing point for teachers of EAL learners’.

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Tasmania

Department of Education

Documents

  • English as an Additional Language Support
    ‘The Department of Education supports all culturally and linguistically diverse English language learners and their families to succeed as connected, resilient, creative and curious thinkers and members of the Tasmanian Government school community. The English as an Additional Language [EAL] team works with schools’ to help achieve this.
  • Students with English as an Additional Language [EAL]
    Fact sheet for parents of children who fall into this category. There is also a Brochure available to download, containing the same information.
  • Teaching and Learning [EAL]
    ‘The EAL Program delivers support through trained EAL support teachers. The models of implementation for support delivery and used by EAL support teachers are designed to translate current research into practice taking into account the context of the student and the demands of the curriculum being taught across all school sectors’.

Other Information

  • English as an Additional Language/Dialect
    Catholic Education Tasmania. ‘Meeting the needs of learners from diverse cultures and language backgrounds is the focus of English as an Additional Language/Dialect. Our schools and colleges are provided with educational support and funding to help them meet the needs of newly arrived students, as well as those students requiring support with learning English as an additional language or dialect’. You can also access information titled Who are EAL/D students ?.
  • English as an Additional Language or Dialect - TASC
    ‘English as an Additional Language or Dialect courses, accredited by TASC, specify access requirements. The requirements ensure fair and equitable access to those students whose engagement in the learning outcomes would be most beneficial’.
  • English Language Centre [UTAS]
    ‘Whether you’re looking for an English course that will help you meet the English language entry requirements for entry into university, or if you want to improve your English skills for fun or business, you can find a suitable course for your needs at the University of Tasmania’s English Language Centre ’.
  • English Language Services [TasTAFE]
    ‘We offer a range of opportunities to improve your English language, including preliminary courses and short courses, through to qualifications at Certificate I – Certificate III level. Courses include English as a Second or Other Language’. There is also a link to gain information about AMEP support
  • TESOL Providers in Tasmania – TasTESOL
    Brief information and weblinks to each of these.

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Victoria

Department of Education and Training

Documents

  • EAL Developmental Continuum P-10
    ‘Provides evidence based indicators of progress, linked to practical teaching strategies, to support the assessment of EAL students and the development of effective learning programs’.
  • EAL - Provision for Newly Arrived Students
    ‘The purpose of this policy is to ensure schools are aware of the requirement to inform parents or carers of newly arrived students for whom English is an additional language of the intensive English language support available for their children and how it can be accessed’.
  • EAL Reports
    Access reports [back to the late 1990s]. These are all available in PDF format and in DOCX back to 2013.
  • EAL Support and Funding : Policy
    ‘This policy outlines the requirements for schools receiving English as an Additional Language Index funding and best practice considerations for the delivery of school education programs to support EAL students’.
  • International Student Program [ISP]
    ‘Explains that the International Student Program School Toolkit [in the Guidance tab] is the definitive compliance guide setting out all requirements for Victorian government schools participating in the International Student Program’.
  • Interpreting and Translation Services
    ‘This policy outlines the requirements and available services relating to communicating with parents and carers who require interpreting and translation assistance’.
  • The EAL Handbook
    ‘Advice to schools on programs for supporting students learning English as an Additional language’.

Other Information

  • Adult Migrant English Program - AMEP Courses
    ‘The Adult Migrant English Program is delivered at around 300 locations across Australia in major cities as well as regional and remote areas. There is also a Distance learning option’. Scroll down the page and select Victoria from the listing provided.
  • CECV - Diverse Learning Needs
    Catholic Education Commission of Victoria. Scroll down this page in the Primary Handbook for the relevant entry. A similar section is found in the Secondary Handbook.
  • English Courses [Melbourne TAFE]
    ‘Your opportunity to learn the language skills for further study and employment. We have courses for international students and visitors, as well as English Language Intensive Courses for Overseas Students [ELICOS’. Similar options are available at Kangan Institute and Bendigo TAFE. Check other TAFE institutes for similar options. You can contact the Contact the TAFE and Training line for assistance if needed.
  • Victoria University - English Language Courses
    One example of universities running English language courses at the territory level. Check with others for further options.
  • VicTESOL
    ‘VicTESOL : Supporting English language teaching, learning and multicultural education’.

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Western Australia

Department of Education

Documents

  • English as an Additional Language or Dialect Teacher Resource
    ‘This publication comprises : an overview of the characteristics of students learning EAL/D and their particular needs; advice for teachers regarding linguistic and cultural considerations and teaching strategies; a glossary of terms used in the resource; references’.

Other Information

  • Adult Migrant English Program [AMEP]
    Scroll down the page to find ‘The AMEP service providers in Western Australia’. Each provides telephone and web links for each of these.
  • English as an Additional Language or Dialect [CEWA]
    Catholic Education Western Australia. ‘Catholic Education Western Australia is inclusive of students for whom English is an Additional Language or Dialect with many schools highly trained in dealing with social, pastoral and academic needs of EAL’D students’.
  • English as an Additional Language or Dialect -Years 11 and 12
    SCSA. ‘A Year 12 student can only enrol in the ATAR EAL/D course if they have eligibility approval from the School Curriculum and Standards Authority. For a student to gain approval to enrol, they must complete an online eligibility application and submit it to the Authority, along with the required supporting documentation, by the deadline published in the Activities Schedule’.
  • The EAL/D Hub
    ‘An online professional development course for teachers. It’s about providing high-quality education to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students, and in particular, those students who have first languages other than Standard Australian English and are learning Standard Australian English as an additional language or dialect’. Available to all state school teachers. Catholic and Independent school teachers need to check with their schools.
  • WATESOL
    ‘Our members teach at primary, secondary and/or tertiary institutions and come from the ELICOS sector, adult migrant colleges, Catholic Education, Independent schools, and Education Department of WA. WATESOL has been serving the West Australian TESOL Community for over 30 years’. SCSA.

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Other Information

Federal Government Support

  • Adult Migrant English Program
    ‘We provide free English language tuition through the Adult Migrant English Program [AMEP]. You may be eligible for AMEP if you are a migrant or humanitarian visa entrant. Learning Engli​sh can help you to settle into your new life in Australia. People attending face to face classes will also have​ access to free childcare for children under school age’. Available in all states and territories. There is also a ​ Distance Learning ​option​.

English Language Schools

  • ESL Directory
    ‘Below you will find a listing of all ESL programs in Australia - click on any program to view more information, or refine your search within Australia by city’. Information and Resource links in the box on the right hand side.
  • Directory of English Language Schools in Australia
    Alphabetical listing of location, then the school[s] and their weblink.
  • English Australia - Find a College
    ‘English Australia Member Colleges are located in all of Australia’s major cities as well as a range of regional locations. They can be private or government; independent or attached to a high school, TAFE college, private vocational provider or university’. Use the search process provided.
  • English Language Schools in Australia
    ‘Choose from 1 009 English courses at 65 language schools in 17 cities in Australia’.
  • Language Schools in Australia - Best English Courses
    ‘We have researched all the details about the best English language schools in Australia for you so that you can easily compare prices, reviews, courses for adults and teenagers and special offers’.
  • NEAS – Quality Assurance in Education and Training
    ‘NEAS provides a number of services that support the English Language Teaching [ELT] Community. This includes quality assurance and endorsement for ELT Centres, professional development for teachers, managers and professional staff and approval of ELT teacher qualifications’.
  • University English Language Centres Australia
    ‘University English Centres Australia [UECA] is a network of Australian universities offering a variety of English Language Courses for Overseas Students [ELICOS], TESOL teacher training and professional development programs’.

ESL Teaching Positions

Journals & Other Publications

For other educational journals, see the Education Journals page.

  • Australian Online Journals
    ACTA. Title, link, brief description for each journal included.
  • English Language Bulletin
    ‘A weekly digest of the most important news affecting English language teachers worldwide. Free for members and non-members’.Tesol.org.
  • ESL Journal
    ‘ESL Journal is for students and teachers of English as a Second Language’.
  • TESL Canada Journal
    ‘The TESL Canada Journal is an open-access peer-reviewed journal publishing in the areas of teaching and learning of official languages [English and French]’ and more.
  • TESOL in Context
    ‘The peer-reviewed publication of the Australian Council for TESOL Associations [ACTA] for teachers, researchers and others interested in TESOL within Australia and internationally. Normally two issues are produced each year’. Open Access.
  • TESOL Journal
    ‘TESOL Journal [TJ] is a forum for second and foreign language educators at all levels to engage in the ways that research and theorising can inform, shape, and ground teaching practices and perspectives. Articles enable an active and vibrant professional dialogue about research - and theory - based practices as well as practice-oriented theorising and research’.
  • TESOL Quarterly
    ‘A refereed professional journal, fosters inquiry into English language teaching and learning by providing a forum for TESOL professionals to share their research findings and explore ideas and relationships in the field’.

Other Sites

For other resources, see the ESL Resources page.

Test of English as a Foreign Language™

  • ePrepz
    ‘With ePrepz you get access to hundreds of different types of quizzes, exercises and practice tests that are based on the TOEFL exam’. Fee-based but reasonable.
  • Good Luck TOEFL
    ‘Studying for the TOEFL exam can be scary, difficult, and confusing. Good Luck TOEFL gives you the answers’.
  • The TOEFL Test
    ‘The TOEFL test covers all facets of English proficiency, including a test of spoken English and grammar exercises.’ Now able to be done online.
  • Test of English as a Foreign Language
    Format and contents, criticisms, related links. Wikipedia.
  • TOEFL Study Guide
    An 8 chapter presentation from an Introduction, through Format and Scoring, the various sections of the test, even covering how to Quell Test Jitters.
  • Exam English
    ‘This web site is for people studying for an English language exam. These pages contain free online practice tests for the most important international ESL exams’. UK, but covers international tests including IELTS and TOEFL®.
  • What is the TOEFL ?
    And how to prepare for it. ‘TOEFL stands for Test of English as a Foreign Language and is the most popular standardised test of English proficiency. Most people will end up taking the iBT test, so in order to prepare for it, it’s best to know as much about it as possible. This includes the time, structure and number of questions’. Multiple sections covering many areas.

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