Beginning Teachers

Beginning teachers can face anticipation, uncertainty, stress, concern, even fear when first taking up a teaching position. They have to implement all they have learned in the most effective way, create relationships with students, other staff and parents, become part of a system, a school and a staff with all this implies, match the desirable with the possible and finally, cope with the physical demands of teaching full-time.

While this can prove rewarding, and hopefully does for new teachers, it makes for interesting times until the final moment when you know you made the right decision.

This page gives access to procedures and programs used in each state & territory, special reviews, reports and surveys, resources & tools, books, even Survival Guides. It looks at induction, mentoring and other special programs.

For related information, visit — the Professional Development pages.

States & Territories

Australian Capital Territory

  • Support for New Educators
    ‘New educators are supported during the early years of their career through a variety of programs’. Specifics can be found on the Professional Learning page.
  • Recruitment
    Registration information, How to Apply to Teach in ACT public schools, advice relating to this process.
  • Supporting Staff
    ‘The wellbeing of staff is core business for the ACT Education Directorate’.
  • Teach in the ACT [ACT Teacher Quality Institute]
    Four different aspects relating to registration are covered.
  • Updated ! Work In Canberra
    ‘What we offer and other employment information’. ACT Government sites covering all areas of employment including aspects such as ACT information through to Employee tool kits.
  • Working with Us
    Looks at teaching in the Education Directorate system. Check sections in the menu at the left.

New South Wales

  • Beginning Teacher Conferences
    ‘Beginning Teacher Conferences are open to all new [beginning] teachers who are : employed as full time, temporary or casual teachers by the DET in the schools sector and located within a reasonable travelling distance of the conference’. NSWTF. They also have a Graduate Survival Kit.
  • Beginning Teachers Support Funding Policy
    ‘States the department’s policy for the provision of funding support to schools for eligible permanent and temporary beginning teachers’.
  • Casual and Temporary Teaching
    ‘The majority of teachers commence their careers in the NSW public education system as casual or temporary teachers. Whether employed on a day-to-day basis or in blocks, they carry out a vital role in public schools throughout NSW’.
  • Further support for in-school mentors
    ‘These resources support in-school mentors and provide effective practice focused support to beginning teachers ’.
  • Quality induction with Strong start, great teachers
    ‘Quality induction gives beginning teachers a strong start. It supports them to become capable and confident teachers, intent on maximising the learning outcomes of their students’.
  • Support for the development of beginning teachers’ key practices
    ‘The following table identifies some of these areas of practice, the Standard Descriptors and where to find support to develop the practice’.
  • Teacher induction and Probation
    ‘During your first year of a career in teaching, induction plays a critical role in supporting your development as a capable and confident professional.
  • Teachers Handbook
    ‘The Handbook will contain the current conditions of employment for teachers in the Teaching Service, and list their responsibilities’.
  • Teaching at a new school
    ‘Your first appointment at a new school as a permanent, temporary or casual teacher will provide you with some special opportunities and challenges’.
  • The Department’s 5C model of school-based induction
    ‘Quality induction customises support to needs. It connects teachers according to these needs and focuses on context, curriculum and the classroom. The 5C model is centred on these key components’.

Northern Territory

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South Australia


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  • Effective Mentoring Program​
    ‘The Effective Mentoring Program is a joint initiative run in partnership between the Department of Education and Training and the Victorian Institute of Teaching’. Victorian Institute of Teachingsite for this program is found at this link. A Reflective Guide to Mentoring is found here.
  • Guide for Beginning Teachers
    The document includes information from your welcome, Orientation Day through to mentoring and professional learning.
  • Initial Teacher Education
    ‘The single most important thing we can do to improve student outcomes is to improve the quality of teaching and learning in every classroom. Teachers play a pivotal role in building the Education State and are at the core of workplace reform’.
  • Induction
    Select one of the two options for either teacher or principals. Select the appropriate section on this page. Use the internal link or download the Guide for beginning Teachers.
  • Principals Induction Guide for New Teachers
    ‘Principals can support the induction of new teachers in their school by being explicit about the values and expectations that inform and reflect the behaviours and practices of staff within their school. Effective induction of beginning teachers in schools is primarily the responsibility of principals’.
  • Strengthening Induction Practices and Mentoring Programs
  • Supporting Provisionally Registered Teachers
    ‘Newly qualified teachers with provisional registration can access information and resources required to apply for full registration’.
  • Teaching Academies of Professional Practice
    ‘The cross-sectoral Teaching Academies of Professional Practice, for example, involve clusters of schools partnering with higher education institutions to deliver an immersive preparation experience for pre-service teachers and strengthen the links between theory, research and practice to enhance course effectiveness’.
  • The Pedagogical Model
    ‘The Pedagogical Model is a reference point for school leaders and teachers to develop a deeper understanding of what constitutes high quality teacher practice in the classroom’.

Western Australia

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Other Information

Books & Other Publications

  • Beginning Teacher’s Handbook
    ‘takes you through the challenges you will face in joining a school community, establishing positive relationships with parents from day one, and engaging the students you are given’. Fee-based.
  • New Teacher’s Kit
    ‘The New Teacher’s Kit is a complete set of downloadable, printable resources and classroom strategies’.
  • New-Teacher Toolbox
    US, but still applicable. Available through Amazon. Partly available through Google Books.

General Sites

  • 6 Ways Awesome Administrators Help New Teachers Face the First Year with a Smile
    ‘There’s an enormous gap between what you learned about teaching and what teaching is really like. Having a great administrator that first year can be a lifeline’. USA.
  • Beginning Teacher Myths
    ‘Here is a short list of misconceptions that new teachers often bring to the classroom’. NSW Teachers Federation.
  • Beginning Teacher Resources
    ‘On this page you will be able to find a number of links, suggestions, and ideas to help make your first year of teaching just a little bit less overwhelming’. USA.
  • Great Expectations …
    “Good News for Beginning Teachers”. Article full of advice from Dr Jane Bluestein.
  • The New Teacher Induction Program
    Ontario Ministry of Education, Canada. ‘Supports the growth and professional development of new teachers. A step in a continuum of professional learning for teachers to support effective teaching, learning, and assessment practices. Provides another full year of professional support so that new teachers can continue to develop’.
  • Teacher Induction : Supporting the Supporters of Novice Teachers in Europe
    ‘To develop a five-day intensive programme for “mentors”, this definition included teachers in schools who had the task of inducting new teachers’. Article describing this process.

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Research, Reports & Surveys


  • New ! A Systematic Review of the Research on the Knowledge and Skills of Australian Preservice Teachers
    2018; Jennifer Stephenson. ‘Since knowledge and skills related to curriculum content and pedagogy are crucial for teachers, it is of interest to explore the research relating to what preservice teachers know and can do. Refereed journal articles published between 2005 and 2015 that reported on the assessment of the knowledge or skills of Australian preservice teachers are reviewed. Data were extracted from 52 articles relating to the context of the research, participants in the research and the adequacy of the knowledge and skills of preservice teachers’.
  • New ! Building quality in teaching and teacher education
    2016; Nan Bahr, Suzanne Mellor. The research ‘discusses the contemporary influences on initial teacher education, with particular attention to the notion of quality teaching, and the role of teacher education and teacher educators in the development of quality teachers. We challenge the notion that important personal quality attributes are appropriately accounted for in the current selection regimes for entry to teacher education and in the processes of accreditation. Additionally, the authors argue, it is the role of initial teacher education to target and develop these quality attributes’.
  • New ! “I Sorta Felt Like I was out in the Middle of the Ocean” : ...
    Novice Teachers’ Transition to the Classroom. 2018; Rebecca Miles, Sally Knipe. ‘The design of initial teacher education courses is to provide pre-service teachers with skills, processes and knowledge about the practice and profession of teaching. The impetus for this study was to examine the graduate teacher’s transition to novice teaching and the impact of their initial teacher education course in preparing them for this transition’.
  • New ! Pre-service teachers’ articulation of their future selves
    2018; Susan Blackley, Dawn Bennett, Rachel Sheffield. ‘In the discussion, we consider how pre-service teachers view themselves at two points in time : as teachers prior to their first professional placement, including their concerns at that time; and after their placement, including how the placement impacted their identity and their thinking about the future’.
  • New ! What do we know about early career teacher attrition rates in Australia ?
    2016; Spotlight - AITSL. ‘There is a perception in Australia that there is a high attrition rate of teachers both during their initial teacher education and within the first five years of graduation from initial teacher education. The impact of attrition may be the loss of quality teaching graduates, which could in turn impact the development of a strong workforce of experienced, high calibre teachers – critical for student outcomes’.


  • New ! A Mentoring Experience : From the Perspective of a Novice Teacher
    2018; Alain Gholam. ‘Beginning teachers experience a variety of challenges and difficulties as they struggle to develop and progress in their teaching career. The following qualitative case study focused on a novice teacher’s perceptions concerning the mentoring experience she received in her practicum course at the American University in Dubai. The study was guided by the following two research questions : [1] What difficulties and challenges did the novice teacher face during her first year of teaching ? and [2] What were the novice teacher’s perceptions of the mentoring strategies implemented in her practicum course ?’. Dubai.
  • New ! Do new teachers feel prepared for teaching ?
    2017; OECD. ‘It has been said that preparation is key to success and that, without preparation, the result is sure to be failure. This is particularly true for teachers entering the teaching profession. A careful strategy is, therefore, needed to produce confident teachers and to support and develop them as learning professionals over the course of their careers’. Multi-national.
  • New ! How do teachers become knowledgeable and confident in classroom management ?
    2017; OECD. ‘The Innovative Teaching for Effective Learning [ITEL] Teacher Knowledge Survey is the first international study to explore the nature, function and development of teachers’ pedagogical knowledge, i.e. what teachers know about teaching and learning’. Multi-national.
  • New ! Teacher Retention and Turnover Research [Interim Report]
    2017; Jack Worth, Giulia De Lazzari, Jude Hillary. ‘In recent years, against the backdrop of increasing pupil numbers and teacher shortages in key subjects, teacher supply has climbed up the education policy agenda in England. A thorough understanding of the factors associated with teacher supply in the state sector is crucial to assist policy makers and system leaders formulate effective responses to this complex issue. We have also created an easy to use infographic on part-time working which is available to download here’. England.
  • New ! Who wants to become a teacher and why ?
    2018; OECD. ‘A growing awareness that the quality of schooling critically depends on teachers’ skills has led to mounting concerns among policy makers about the difficulty of attracting high achieving and motivated candidates into the teaching profession. Concerns are even more significant in countries that suffer from shortages of teachers, or where teacher shortages are worsening over time’. Multi-national.

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  • Building the right foundation : Improving teacher induction in Australian schools
    ‘This report was developed to provide a meta-analysis of the key research in the area of new teacher induction’. Contains three major sections.
  • Graduate to Proficient
    Australian guidelines for teacher induction into the profession. ‘The guidelines for teacher induction into the profession, frame support for beginning teachers to make the transition from the Graduate to the Proficient Career Stage, based on the Australian Professional Standards for Teachers’.
  • Initial Teacher Education : Data Report 2016 [AITSL]
    ‘This report brings together the available data on initial teacher education [ITE] in Australia. It includes information on ITE students and graduates, as well as ITE institutions and programs’. PDF download available.
  • My Induction App
    ‘The My Induction app brings together resources and activities to support your development in the first few years of teaching. It also provides advice and strategies for maintaining your personal wellbeing while transitioning to life as a working teacher’. Available in both Apple and Android formats.
  • Prepare for Practice
    ‘Whether you’re a pre-service teacher or a recent graduate, these resources are designed to help you prepare for your teaching practice’.
  • Reflect on your Leadership
    ‘Reflecting on where you are now and how to move forward can help you improve your leadership practice. Our self-assessment and reflection tools allow you to explore your leadership and plan your pathway towards improvement’.
  • Research on Induction Best Practice
    Annotated Bibliography, Induction environment scan, case studies, videos, more.
  • School Leadership eCollection - Induction
    A small series of reports, interviews, articles about induction processes for new staff. This page has been archived.
  • Start your Career
    ‘Your first years as a teacher can be as challenging as they are rewarding, so it's important that you receive the right support and guidance to develop your skills. Our resources can help you get used to the classroom and improve your practice as you transition to the Proficient career stage’.
  • Support New Teachers
    ‘Providing quality induction and support is critical to improving learner outcomes and developing the teacher's skills at the start of their career’. Includes video, case studies and more.
  • Mentoring the Beginning Teacher
    Article for this program. Alberta Teachers’ Association. Canada.
  • National Induction Programme for Teachers
    ‘Aims to support the induction of newly qualified teachers into the teaching profession in primary schools in Ireland’. A very detailed example of what occurs in other countries.
  • Resources Toolkit for New Teachers
    Edutopia. ‘From classroom management to working with parents, lesson planning to learning environments, this compilation of blogs, videos, and other resources provides an array of tips and advice for teachers just starting out’.
  • The New Teacher Centre
    ‘A national resource focused on teacher and administrator induction’. US-based. Articles, resources and sample programs may prove useful in an Australian setting.

Survival Guides

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