The Olympics

The Olympic Games has both a modern and an ancient history. It has also expanded to be separate Winter and Summer Olympics with a Paralympics for disabled people. Events have changed over the era of the modern Olympics and continue to change.

The Ancient Olympics ran for over a millenium, finishing in 393 BCE. The modern Olympics began in 1896. Separate Winter and Summer Olympics in different years commenced in 1994. They were previously held in the same year. Australia and Greece are the only countries to have attended all summer games.

This page looks at The Ancient Olympics, Winter Olympics, Paralympics, Mascots & Symbols, media and other information including education materials.

The First Page looks at The Olympic Movement internationally and in Australia, The Modern Olympics, athletes, drug problems, major incidents, more.

This information is left available for use as required and will be fully updated as each Olympic Games approaches.

Ancient Olympics

This section has information about the original Olympics, on which the modern format has been based.

  • Ancient Olympic Games
    Covers origins, legends, history, events, famous athletes and a range of references and links. Wikipedia.
  • How did The Olympic Games Begin ?
    From the BBC. Find information, answer selected questions and follow links to related material.
  • Olympics Through Time
    ‘The spirit of the Olympic Games. Learn their long history, explore their unknown aspects and discover the society that created them, through a variety of activities’ Also a section on the modern Olympics.
  • The Ancient Olympics
    ‘You can compare ancient and modern Olympic sports, tour the site of Olympia as it looks today, learn about the context of the Games and the Olympic spirit, or read about the Olympic athletes who were famous in ancient times’.
  • The Origin of the Olympics
    A text based research article that equates some of the mythology and calendar information related to the games.
  • The Real History of …
    [The Ancient Olympic Games]
    ‘It’s easy to assume that the ancient Olympic Games were different, that ancient Greek athletes were pure in mind and body, that they trained and competed for no other reason than the love of physical exercise, fair competition and to honour their gods. But is this really true ? Well, no. In fact, politics, nationalism, commercialism and athletics were intimately related in the ancient Olympic Games’.

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Paralympics & Paralympians

The Olympics for those with disabilities. For scandals, see the previous page. Some paralympians are included in the list of Athletes on the previous page.

  • A Brief History of the Paralympic Games
    ‘From post-WWII rehabilitation to mega sport event’.
  • Australian Centre for Paralympic Studies Oral History Project
    National Library of Australia. ‘In 2010 the APC, signed an agreement with the National Library of Australia to record the oral histories of a number of the people who were responsible for the growth and success of Paralympic sport in Australia. This oral history project will underpin a broader Australian Centre for Paralympic Studies project to capture and preserve the history of Paralympic sport’.
  • Australian Paralympic Committee
    Information about the games, Australian Paralympic athletes, sports, news, programs, supporting their efforts and more.
  • International Paralympic Committee
    Information on the games, sports, athletes, rules, classification, education, development, Hall of Fame and more.
  • Updated ! Tokyo 2020
    An initial page for the next Paralympic Games. Paralympics Australia.
  • Anti-Doping Policy
    The Paralympic Anti-Doping stance. Covers WADA and ASADA Anti-Doping Codes and their own policy.
  • Blogs
    Read blogs from paralympians from around the world.
  • Classification
    How athletes are classified and information about their groupings.
  • Hall of Fame
    ‘The Paralympic Hall of Fame will ensure that a permanent record and institutional memory is kept of top Paralympic athletes and coaches of all time’.
  • New ! List of Australian Paralympic Medallists
    ‘This list includes Summer and Winter Australian Paralympic Medallists’. Wikipedia.
  • New ! Lists of Paralympic Medallists
    ‘This article includes lists of all Paralympic medallists since 1960, organised by each Paralympic sport or discipline, and also by Paralympiad’. Wikipedia.
  • Paralympic Games Education Programmes
  • Paralympic Games
    Information on Beijing, Vancouver, London and Sochi Games, past games, applicant cities for 2016 and principles behind the games.
  • Paralympic School Day
    PG Education, other programs and resources.
  • Sports
    Covers sports, organisers, rules, regulations, rankings, records, results and competitions.

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Winter Olympics

The Winter Olympics started about 30 years after the summer Olympics and were originally held in the same year. In 1994 they moved to the midpoint between summer Olympic Games.

  • PyeongChang 2018 Winter Olympic Games
    Read all the latest news about the next Winter Games.
  • Sochi 2014
    The official site of the 2014 Winter Olympic Games and the XI Paralympic Winter Games.
  • Vancouver 2010
    [Spread the Games Spirit]
    Home page for the 2010 Winter Olympic Games. Covers Organising Committee, Culture & Education, Participation, The Winter Games and organisational information about their preparation.
  • Sports
    ‘List of Summer and Winter Olympic Sports and Events’.
  • Winter Olympic Games
    The history of the games and predicts into the future, looks at various sports, including discontinued sports, lists all Winter Games, links to further information. Wikipedia.
  • Winter Olympics Through The Years
    Information on sports, medal winners, standings as well as general information on summer Olympics, all-time medal winners in various groupings and all-time Medal Standings.

Educational Material

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Other Information

Educational Materials

  • New ! About the Toolkit
    ‘The OVEP Toolkit is a set of free resources designed to enrich any educational curriculum with Olympic-themed activities, teaching strategies and inspirational materials. It can be put into action by teachers and instructors, coaches and sports clubs, governments and educational authorities, members of the Olympic Family, and even parents at home. The Toolkit contains four key resources’.
  • 15 Free Educational Resources for the 2016 Rio Olympics
    ‘These activities, videos, interactives and games will help students learn about the Greek origins of the Olympic Games, the host city of Rio de Janeiro and how to become expert journalists to cover the next few weeks of competition. There’s something here to get any student, primary or secondary, into the Olympic spirit’.
  • Education
    Access a range of education material and activities from the Australian Olympic Committee including the Studies Centre, Youth Olympic information, drug education programs and more.
  • Innovative Teaching
    Activities designed to work with the 2004 Olympics. Some were very specific but many could be adapted for use with other games.
  • Olympic Games - Past and Future, Winter and Summer Olympics
    Find information on all games until 2022. Includes videos, images, more.
  • Research Starters for the Olympic Games
    From Scholastic and covering all aspects of both Modern and Ancient Olympics.
  • New ! Science of the Olympic Winter Games
    ‘NBC Learn and NBC Sports, in partnership with the National Science Foundation, unravel the science, technology, engineering and maths behind the Olympic Winter Games. For lesson plans provided by Lessonopoly, open the video and click on “Activity”’.
  • Science of the Summer Olympics
    ‘NBC Learn and NBC Sports, in partnership with the National Science Foundation, explore the engineering and technology helping athletes maximise their performance at the 2012 London Games. For lesson plans provided by the National Science Teachers Association, open the video and click on Lessons’.
  • Thematic Units - The Olympics
    ‘Find various Web Sites on the top portion of this page. Find Lesson Plans further down. At the bottom, you will find books you can order’.
  • The Olympics, Education Links
    Annotated links to sites useful in the education area for the Olympics.
  • New ! The Science of the Winter Olympics [Science Friday]
    ‘Exploring the science and tech behind the world’s greatest winter sports competition’.
  • New ! Welcome to the Olympic Channel !
    More than 7 500 videos available on the YouTube Channel. From specific events to what the ring means, even some light-hearted presentations.

General Sites

  • International Olympic Truce Centre
    ‘At the dawn of the 21st century, the Olympic Truce once again calls upon humanity to lay down its weapons and to work towards building the foundations of peace, mutual respect, understanding and reconciliation. To that end in July 2000, the International Olympic Committee launches the International Olympic Truce Foundation and the International Olympic Truce Centre, new instruments of peace in our times’.
  • Interesting Olympic Facts
    Covers information from symbols to diplomats, women’s involvement, counting Olympiads and more.
  • Journal E Olympic History
    A Kodak visual presentation of the Olympics.
  • Marcolympics
    One man’s collection, not only of information about each modern games, but also a significant range of images of tickets, programs, posters and other materials.
  • Olympic Games
    Information on both Ancient and Modern games, their revival, problems, ceremonies, champions, host cities, medals, symbols, amateurism/professionalism and more. Wikipedia.
  • Olympic Games Museum
    ‘On more than 350 pages featuring about 1 400 pictures, you can have a look at memorable moments of the Olympic Summer Games. The museums’s web page is not fully completed yet and is continually being worked on and extended’.
  • Olympic History Quizzes
    Try these fun quizzes. They may be harder than you think. They cover Summer and Winter Games and Olympic History.
  • Olympics Timeline
    [From ancient Greece to the Present Day]
    Brief notes, with links to further information.
  • Olympic Videos
    ‘Watch The Greatest Olympic Moments’. Covers 37 Olympic Games as well as 54 sports accessible from separate galleries for each.
  • Olympic Watch
    Home page of a group who are using the Olympic Games as a way of striving to improve human rights in China.

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Mascots & Olympic Symbols

Symbols include the Olympic Rings and other logos, the Oath, the Torch Relay, the Flag and various ceremonies. Mascots have only existed since the Winter Olympics in 1968 and the Summer Olympics of 1972.


  • Olympic Committee - Mascots
    Part of their Collectables site which allows you to find information on pins, memorabilia, mascots and more. Each mascot has a link to further information including what they were used as e.g. models, pins, etc.. Select by individual games, then the Mascot tab.
  • Olympic Mascot
    Images and text about the Olympics mascots among a range of other olympics trivia.
  • Olympic Mascots
    ‘Official list of all Olympic Games Mascots’.

Other Symbols

  • Olympic Oath
    What it is, history and a listing of those who have taken it on behalf of both athletes and judges. Wikipedia.
  • Olympic Summer Games Emblems
    Lists all since their inception in 1932, with a graphic and information and goes on to London 2012. There is a link to the Olympic Winter Games Emblems, from 1932 to 2010.
  • Olympic Symbols
    ‘The Olympic symbols are the icons, flags and symbols used by the International Olympic Committee to promote the Olympic Movement’. As well as information on the various symbols, it also a listing of mascots from the 1968 Grenoble Winter Olympics on, with links to further information and images. Note the link about Fatso, the unofficial mascot for the Sydney Games. Wikipedia.
  • The Olympic Rings
    PDF document from the Olympic Organisation which covers general information, and specific information on the rings, the motto and the flame, as well as their role in the culture of The Olympics.
  • The Story of the Rings
    Article covering all information about these.
  • What do the Olympic Rings represent ?
    Brief, clear description with links to related material.
  • New ! Why Were the Five Colours of the Olympic Rings Chosen ? Several pieces of information plus links to further detail.


A surprising number of movies and television programs have been made about the Olympics. Only title and brief descriptors are provided for individual items.

  • Internet Movie Database
    Enter “The Games” in the search box to find a list of possibilities, some irrelevant, others on specific games of different Olympiads. Usually television series.
  • Olympic Television Archive Bureau
    ‘The Olympic Television Archive Bureau has over 30 000 hours of the most sensational sports footage ever seen, uniquely available in one library’. Fee-based.
  • Chariots of Fire
    ‘Chariots of Fire is a 1981 British historical drama film. It tells the fact-based story of two athletes in the 1924 Olympics’. Wikipedia.
  • Cool Runnings
    ‘Inspired by the true story of the first Jamaican Olympic Bobsled Team’.
  • Downhill Racer
    A skier at the Winter Olympics.
  • Fists of Freedom
    ‘Documentary leading up to, during and after the 1968 Summer Olympic Games in Mexico City’.
  • Miracle on Ice
    ‘How the U.S. Olympic hockey team beat the Soviets at the 1980 Lake Placid Games’. Made for television.
  • Munich
    Traces the follow up to the Munich Olympic Games massacre.
  • Olympia 1 Teil - Fest der Völker
    ‘The document of the 1936 Olympics at Berlin, orchestrated as Nazi propaganda’. Leni Riefenstahl. Also check this site. Wikipedia.
  • The Cutting Edge
    Suggested the Taming of the Shrew on ice could be another name. Skating movie.
  • The Games
    ‘Four marathon runners [one from England, one from the U.S., a Czech and an Australian Aborigine] prepare to run in the Olympic games’.
  • The Games [ABC]
    ‘This is a mischievous Australian, deadpan comedy, which takes a satirical look at the bureaucrats as they orchestrate the extravaganza that will be the 2000 Olympic Games’. Made for television by the ABC.
    Highly Recommended !

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