This page has been archived and is no longer being added to or maintained.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that the following may contain images and voices of deceased persons.
There is a considerable information on Indigenous Australia from both Indigenous and Non-Indigenous sources.
This page provides information on communities, government involvement, health, legal matters and reports/research over a considerable period.
The First Page covers both The Arts & individual artists and Indigenous beliefs & culture.
The Second Page links to the Indigenous Languages page and contains information on Tribal Areas, sporting involvement and individual sporting high achievers.
The Fourth Page covers documents, current involvement, Indigenous media , information on reconciliation and general information.
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Community Histories
Queensland Government. ‘Historical information for 47 Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, based on Queensland Government records and first hand accounts. Fully researched and referenced’.
- Jingi Walla!
‘We are the Arakwal people of Byron Bay. Come and experience our culture and explore Country’.
- Arwarbukarl Cultural Resource Association
Now merged with the Miromaa site, which details their development for preserving language. Well worth visiting. Also their Our Language Work [to expand this use the “Our Voice” link in the top menu.
Based on the history of the Eora people who lived in the Sydney region. Traces place names, historical knowledge, a timeline, more.
- Bawinanga Aboriginal Corporation
From ‘the town of Maningrida on the estuary of the Liverpool River, on the coast of Arnhem Land. The Kunibídji people are the traditional landowners of this country’.
- Burarra Gathering
‘This website gives a sense of the people, land, language and traditional technologies and knowledge of the Burarra people of Arnhem Land, in Australia’s Northern Territory’. Questacon. A bit out of date but still interesting.
- Cadigal Wangal - People of the Cook’s River, NSW
Archived by Pandora.
- Community Portraits - Aboriginal Affairs NSW
OCHRE. ‘Supporting Aboriginal communities and government agencies to plan better together at the local level’.
- Djabugay Community
Introduction, culture, country. North Queensland.
- History of the Larrakia Nation
Aboriginal people from the Darwin area.
- Muru Mittigar
Cranebrook, New South Wales.
- Yalata Aboriginal Community
‘We are Pitjantjatjara Anangu. Our families descend from the desert people in the north and north-west’.
Government Departments, Agencies, Related Organisations, …
- 2013 Social Justice and Native Title Report
‘The 2013 Social Justice and Native Title Report marks 20 years of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice Commissioner role’. A copy of the Social Justice Report 2012can be found here.
- Aboriginal Affairs Resources
Links for Indigenous matters, compiled by the Australian Parliament House Library. Covers Commonwealth, State & Local matters and international information.
- Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies
‘The world’s premier institution for information and research about the cultures and lifestyles of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. The Institute… holds a priceless collection of films, photographs, video and audio recordings and the world’s largest collections of printed and other resource materials for Indigenous Studies’.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics
Links to Other Related Sources as well as information about specific areas such as Population, Family Kinship & Community, Law & Justice, more.
- Face the Facts
‘Some Questions and Answers about Indigenous Peoples, Migrants and Refugees and Asylum Seekers’. 2012.
- Indigenous Australians Caring for Country
‘The Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts has a long history of working with Indigenous people, particularly in natural resource management and heritage related activities’.
- Indigenous Affairs
Multiple sections listed under the Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet.
- Indigenous Portal
‘Your window to resources, contacts, information, and government programs and services for Aboriginal people and Torres Strait Islanders’. Commonwealth Government. eSub Online is ‘the Australian Government website enabling electronic submissions for some Indigenous Programs’.
- Minister for Indigenous Affairs
The website of this Minister.
- National Congress of Australia’s First Peoples
‘The National Congress of Australia’s First Peoples is a national voice for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. As a company the Congress is owned and controlled by its membership and is independent of Government’.
- Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage
‘The Council of Australian Governments commissioned the Steering Committee to produce a regular report against key indicators of Indigenous disadvantage. Access the Key Indicators 2014 - Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage - Review of Government Service Provision here.
- Social Justice Commissioner
[Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander]. ‘Created by the federal parliament in December 1992 - a response to the findings of the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody and the National Inquiry into Racist Violence. An important role of the Commissioner is to keep Indigenous issues before the federal Government and the Australian community to promote understanding and respect for the rights of Indigenous Australians.
State/Territory Indigenous Units/Departments
- Australian Capital Territory
Office of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Affairs.
- New South Wales
Aboriginal Affairs Department.
Department of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Partnerships.
- South Australia
Aboriginal Affairs & Reconciliation.
Office of Aboriginal Affairs, Department of the Premier and Cabinet.
Aboriginal Affairs Victoria, Department for Victorian Communities.
- Western Australia
Department of Indigenous Affairs.
- 2016 World Indigenous Allied Health Conference
‘Designed to bring together both government and non-government agencies who are working in the field of Indigenous health with the belief that working together can close the gap between the state of Indigenous Health as compared to the health of mainstream Australians’. 15th-17th December, 2014. Cairns, Queensland.
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders - Drug Prevention & Alcohol Facts - DrugInfo
Includes research, statistics, information, reports and more.
- Australian Indigenous Health [Infonet]
‘Making comprehensive, up-to-date knowledge and information accessible to people interested in the health of Indigenous Australians’. Their Social and Emotional Wellbeing section covers extensive information about mental health, programs & projects, organisations, resources, policies, publications, more.
- Australian Indigenous Mental Health
‘Supports the work of health professionals in improving knowledge and understanding of Aboriginal and Torres Strait mental health issues and achiev[ing] better outcomes’.
- Close the Gap : Indigenous Health Campaign
‘Goal is to close the health and life expectancy gap between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and non-Indigenous Australians within a generation’.
- Flinders Aboriginal Health Research
‘A large multidisciplinary network of Flinders University researchers and their colleagues who are committed to improving Aboriginal health and wellbeing through research. Their work spans the health and social sciences and humanities, in keeping with holistic Aboriginal understandings of health’.
- Indigenous Allied Health Australia
‘The national Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander allied health peak body’.
- Living is for Everyone
‘Shortcut to information that focuses on suicide prevention and related issues. It is intended as a guide only’.
- Lowitja Institute
‘Promotes high quality research, transfers research findings into policy and practice to improve primary health care practice, and increases formal research training opportunities for Aboriginal people’.
The National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation. ‘National peak Aboriginal health body representing Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services throughout Australia’. Links to members, policy, media, etc..
- Office of Aboriginal Health WA
‘The Office of Aboriginal Health works within government to manage the financial, physical and human resources necessary to improve the health care and health status of all Aboriginal people’.
Office for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health. ‘Links to other pages that contain information about programs, services, publications, resources, contact information’.
- PEGS, Aboriginal
Brochures from Parenting SA, designed specifically for Aboriginal families and covering topics such as grandparents, role models, coping skills for children, identity, families that work well, more.
Victorian Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation. ‘We represent the collective of all Aboriginal community controlled health organisations around Victoria. Each of our members is an Aboriginal community controlled organisation : most are multi functional community organisations with health as a key part of their responsibility and some come from groups offering full health services’.
Aboriginal Protection Act[s]
Acts at all levels of government and acts for the control, or protection, of Aboriginals.
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander …
Heritage Protection Act 1984. ‘An Act to preserve and protect places, areas, objects of particular significance to Aboriginals, and for related purposes’.
- Aboriginals Ordinance No. 9 of 1918 [Cth]
‘The first Commonwealth law for the governance of Indigenous people and its long-lasting effects make it a founding document for the Northern Territory. It is a comprehensive Ordinance, [which] remained in force until replaced by the Welfare Ordinance 1953 [Northern Territory] which came into effect in 1957’.
- Aboriginal Protection Act 1869 [Vic]
‘This document made Victoria the first Colony to enact a comprehensive scheme to regulate the lives of Aboriginal people. This Act gave powers to the Board for the Protection of Aborigines which subsequently developed into an extraordinary level of control of people’s lives including regulation of residence, employment, marriage, social life and other aspects of daily life’.
- Aboriginals Protection 1897 [Qld]
[And Restriction of the Sale of Opium Act] ‘This document is the instrument effecting a major law directed at Aboriginal people in Queensland. It was followed in other Colonies and thus probably affected more Aboriginal people than any law until the passage of the Commonwealth Native Title Act 1992. This Act controlled the fates of Indigenous people in Queensland - the State containing the largest number of surviving Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples - throughout much of the 20th century’.
- Aborigines Act, 1911
And Aboriginals Ordinance 1918. Descriptions of what these were and their impact on Aboriginal people.
- Aborigines Protection Act 1909, State of New South Wales
Background, details and related entries.
- Archives of the Aborigines Welfare Board 1883-1969
New South Wales. Limited access, but covers the Board for Protection of Aborigines/Aboriginal Welfare Board, the impact of the Aborigines Protection Act 1909 [No. 25], local committees, more.
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples’ Customary Law
Covers Diverse nature of customary law, the Spiritual basis, Kinship and family, Ritual and oral tradition, Mediation and sanctions and Relevance to Australian law.
- Aboriginal Law and Legislation
An Australian section is part of a review of Aboriginal legal information from several countries. The Constitution, other legislation, Mabo, Native Title Tribunal, Other Court Decisions.
- Aboriginals & Torres Strait Islanders - Legal & Justice Information
Links from WorldLii covering direct links, databases, more.
- Appeal for Justice : Dhakiyarr Wirrpanda
‘Dhakiyarr Wirrpanda, a Yolngu elder from northeast Arnhem Land, was found guilty of the murder of a white policeman and sentenced to death in 1934’. The case, court action, people involved, reforms that resulted.
- Changing Policies Towards Aboriginal People
ALRC. Traces the changing approaches since white settlement, extensive links to further information.
- Indigenous Justice Clearinghouse
‘promote discussion and disseminate relevant Indigenous justice information to government policy makers and those working in the Indigenous justice field. A national resource on Indigenous justice’.
- Indigenous Justice in Australia
‘Aims to bring together relevant, quality information on Indigenous people and the criminal justice system in Australia’.
- Individual Acts, Bills and Laws
Listing at Commonwealth and state level. Links supplied, where available.
- Koori Court
‘A Specialist Jurisdiction of the Magistrates’ Court, which sentences defendants who have pleaded guilty. The Koori Court provides an informal atmosphere and allows greater participation by the Aboriginal [Koori] community in the court process. A Koori Elder or Respected Person, the Aboriginal Justice worker, Koori defendants and their families can contribute during the Court hearing’. Victoria.
- Legal Timeline
Legal Developments Affecting Indigenous People. In years back to 1950, then decades to 1820. Runs till 2008.
- Northern Land Council
Parts of their site have specific information on Land Rights, Sea Rights, Native Title and more.
Research & Reports
- Aboriginal Australians Were First Explorers [University of Cambridge]
2011; University of Cambridge. ‘An old lock of hair has enabled researchers to sequence the genome of an Aboriginal Australian, and show that modern Aboriginal Australians are direct descendants of the first people to arrive there’.
- Aboriginal History Journal
ANU. Available online and in several formats at no charge.
- Aboriginal Spirituality : Aboriginal Philosophy, The Basis of Aboriginal Social and Emotional Wellbeing
2009; Vicki Grieves.
- Australian Research Alliance for Children and Youth
Find information about the Research Priorities for Indigenous Children and Youth.
- Betraying the Victims
1998; John Brunton. Response to ‘The Stolen Generation’s Report’ from the Institute of Public Affairs.
- Bringing Them Home
The report on The Stolen Generations, completed in the 1990s.
- Building a National Strategic Research Agenda to Improve The Health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples
2011; Kerry Arabena, David Moodie.
- Close the Gap - Progress and priorities report 2016
2016; Australian Human Rights Commission. ‘This progress report is this year’s contribution to this ongoing dialogue’.
- Closing the Gap in Indigenous Disadvantage
2008; COAG.‘COAG agreed to six ambitious targets to address the disadvantage faced by Indigenous Australians’. The Closing the Gap Prime Minister’s Report 2014 is found here.
‘Provides a store of primary data, all the Protector’s letters [up to 1913], reports, royal commissions, mission letters and journals, commentaries’.
- Footprints in Time
2008; DSS. ‘The study is designed to explore how Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children develop resilience, what helps to improve their wellbeing and future and to recognise links between early childhood experiences and later life outcomes’. Access findings from Wave 1 through to Wave 7 [began in 2014].
- Indigenous Cultural and Natural Resource Management Futures
2011; Jon Altman, Seán Kerins, et al. ‘Has a specific focus on lessons we have learnt from working with Indigenous peoples engaged in cultural and natural resource management projects in northern Australia and New South Wales’.
- Indigenous Education : Experiential Learning and Learning through Country
2012; W Fogarty, R G Schwab. ‘Queries some current policy approaches to these issues and seeks to provide a practical and grounded perspective to education programs in remote Indigenous Australia’.
- Indigenous Language Education in Remote Communities
2011; W. Fogarty, I. Kral. ‘Has a specific focus on lessons the authors have learnt from working with Indigenous peoples in remote regions as both educators and researchers’.
- Jack Balkin’s Constitutionalism and … The Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Indigenous Australians
2014; Luke Beck. ‘Assesses the Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Indigenous Australians’ Report and proposals from the perspective of constitutional theory’.
- National Centre for Indigenous Studies
ANU. Research outputs, research themes, news, events, more.
- Rebutting the Myths
1994; AustLII. Rebutting the myths of alcoholism, non-work, etc..
- Reconciliation : What Does it Mean ?
1999; Gary Johns, Ron Brunton. Report for the Institute of Public Affairs.
- Reforming the Native Title Act
2011; J C Altman. ‘Seeks to explore the ramifications of the Native Title Act Reform Bill, a private senator’s bill introduced by Senator Rachel Siewert of the Australian Greens’.
- Reports & Publications
Accessible reports and other publications [PDF format] from the Department of Indigenous Affairs [WA].
- Talking Indigenous politics : The impact of teaching Indigenous history
2014; Ben Kelly. ‘Will a better understanding of Indigenous people’s history lead to a more just relationship between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians ?’