Aussie Educator

Learning Impairment

Speech-Language Impairment is a departmental category for identifying students requiring significant education adjustments as a result of having a severe ongoing primary spoken communication disorder. Verification for the EAP category of Speech-Language Impairment is based on two criteria : There is a severe ongoing primary spoken communication disorder; The identified severe ongoing primary spoken communication disorder results in activity limitations and participation restrictions for the student at school requiring significant education adjustments.1

Intellectual disability is a disability characterised by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behaviour, which covers many everyday social and practical skills. This disability originates before the age of 18. Intellectual functioning - also called intelligence - refers to general mental capacity, such as learning, reasoning, problem solving, and so on. 2

Inclusion is the preferred educational option. School systems make every effort to do this. If it is not possible, they use either special classes or special schools with curriculum and staffing modifications.

This page looks at associations, selected educational sites including schools and teaching centres and specific conditions.

Associations & Groups

Australian Sites

  • Asperger Services Australia
    Support, news, seminars, events, newsletters, forums, images, runs surveys, links.
  • Autism Aspergers Advocacy Australia [A4]
    ‘The national grassroots advocacy organisation for people with autism spectrum disorders including Asperger’s syndrome and PDD-NOS’. Events, publications, news. A good Links page.
    “Specific Learning Difficulties Association”. ‘The Australian Federation of SPELD Associations’.
  • Australian Advisory Board On Autism Spectrum Disorders
    ‘National peak body representing people who have an autism spectrum disorder, their families, carers and helpers’.
  • Updated ! Australian Dyslexia Association Inc.
    ‘Concerned with the identification and educational treatment of those with dyslexia’. Identification, assessments, treatments, other sources.
  • Autism Awareness
    ‘Dedicated to increasing awareness and understanding of Autism Spectrum Disorders in our community’. Information, directory, events, media, more.
  • Autism Spectrum Australia
    ‘Information, education and other services through partnerships with people with autism spectrum disorders, their families and communities’. Fact sheets, more.
  • Dyslexia Sydney Support Group
    ‘A support group for dyslexics, parents, teachers, tutors and others wishing to share and learn information about dyslexia and it’s treatment’.
    You need to be able to log in to Facebook to access this site.
  • Giant Steps
    Programs, factual information, philosophy, research.
  • Learning Difficulties Australia
    Publications, research papers, links, association information, conferences, seminars.
  • Learning Links
    ‘To help children who have learning disabilities, difficulties and developmental delays and their families’.
  • Literacy Care
    ‘Literacy Care is a private special education consultancy. It provides specialised treatment exclusively for children [ages 6-12] who have specific learning disabilities’. Since 2003 its services have been available through the Child Development Network.
  • Move to Learn
    ‘Providing information, services and products to enable people to overcome learning difficulties’.
  • Neurosensory
    “Neurosensory - multi-sensory learning for children & adults with dyslexia, ADHD, ASD and other learning disorders’.
  • The Dyslexia Association
    ‘Peak body representing an alternative approach to the conventional methods of instruction for dyslexic learners in Australia’.
  • Tourette Syndrome Association of Australia
    News, events, Q&A, what it is, associations, resources, publications, links.

State Bodies

  • Amaze
    ‘The peak body for people on the autism spectrum and their supporters in Victoria. Amaze raises awareness and influences positive change for people on the autism spectrum and their families/supporters and provides independent, credible information and resources to individuals, families, professionals, government and the wider community’.
  • Autism Family Support Association
    ‘A community based volunteer group serving those in Victoria who have a family member/s on the Autism Spectrum’.
  • Dyslexia-SPELD Foundation WA
    ‘Services and family support throughout Western Australia to enable children and adults with specific learning disabilities to realise their greatest potential’.
  • Learning Difficulties Coalition of NSW
    ‘Parent group organisations representing learning difficulties, ADHD, dyslexia, Tourette Syndrome, Autism and Aspergers Syndrome, Velo-Cardio-Facial Syndrome, Dyspraxia and Anxiety Disorders’.
  • Marymead’s Autism Centre
    Autism Asperger ACT [previously listed here] has been folded into this specialist unit as part of a body which operates in the ACT and NSW. The centre is is located at Marymead’s Narrabundah ACT site.
  • Queensland based ASD Specific Organisations
    ‘Many of these organisations provide a wide range of services and support including: information, hands-on support, advocacy for individuals, professional development and learning opportunities, outreach services and family support and advocacy as well as links to other organisations and services’.
    Resources, information, articles, fact sheets, tutor literacy, links.
    ‘Support and information [for] parents. Parents are assisted through talking to SPELD’s Education Advisors on the Advisory Line’.
  • Updated ! SPELD [SA]
    ‘Advice and services to children and adults with specific learning difficulties, such as dyslexia’.
  • Specific Learning Difficulties Association Of Victoria
    ‘Parents and professional people interested in children and adults with specific learning difficulties’.
  • Tourette Syndrome Association of Australia.
    Syndrome information, news, links, publications, books.

International Sites

  • American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
    ‘Dedicated to treating and improving the quality of life for children, adolescents, and families affected by these disorders’. Opens at Autism Resource Centre. USA.
  • British Institute of Learning Disabilities
    ‘Working with the government and other organisations to improve the lives of people with learning disabilities’. UK.
  • Dyslexia Action
    ‘We provide a wide range of services to people of all ages who have dyslexia and struggle with literacy’. UK.
  • International Dyslexia Association
    News, FAQs, Fact Sheets, Discussion Forum, links, communities for different groups. USA.
  • LD Online
    ‘Providing accurate and up-to-date information and advice about learning disabilities and ADHD. The LD Topics section of the site features hundreds of helpful articles, a comprehensive resource guide, active forums’, more. USA.
  • Learning Disabilities Association of America
    ‘Advocates for the almost three million students of school age with learning disabilities and for adults affected with learning disabilities’. Sections for parents, teachers, professionals and adults, research, resources. USA.
  • National Centre for Learning Disabilities
    ‘Works to ensure that the nation’s 15 million children, adolescents and adults with learning disabilities have every opportunity to succeed in school, work and life’. Sections for school levels. USA.

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Education Sites

Check other relevant state/territory links on the main Special Education page.

Selected Schools & Teaching Centres

    ‘Provides a full time, early education program for children with Autism Spectrum Disorders, aged two½ to five years of age. The first centre opened in Moorooka, Queensland’.
  • Aspect Schools
    ‘Autism Spectrum Australia operates 8 schools for children with autism in NSW, and nearly 100 satellite classes’.
  • EdSpace
    ‘EdSpace is a therapeutic day school for children [ages 11 to 18] who have emotional, medical, developmental conditions or learning difficulties that have impacted their ability to succeed in previous school settings’. Benalla, Victoria.
  • Joseph Varga School
    ‘Our school caters specifically for children with a diagnosis of an Autism Spectrum Disorder. With dedicated teachers, specialist support, ongoing assessment, state of the art technology and a positive approach to personal development, our school is well equipped to support your child’.
  • Malkara School
    Canberra. Caters to a range of Primary level students needs.
  • Rossbourne School [Melbourne]
    ‘Rossbourne specifically assists students with identifiable learning disorders achieve their full potential, both educationally and socially’.
  • The Glenleighden School
    ‘Specifically for children with severe childhood language and related disorders. Preschool through to secondary age and provides comprehensive, intensive multi-disciplinary programs which are highly individualised’.
  • Victorian Specialist Schools
    You now need to be able to log in to access this site.

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Asperger’s Syndrome



  • 37 Common Characteristics of Dyslexia
    ‘Most dyslexics will exhibit about 10 of the following traits and behaviours’. Links to other information.
  • Dyslexia Australia Assessment
    Characteristics, Symptoms, Assessment, Treatment. Also information about related learning difficulties.
  • Dyslexia Checklists
    ‘What to do if you think your child is dyslexic’. Multiple level lists, links to more information.
  • Dyslexia Explained
    Better Health, Victoria. Fact sheet. Symptoms [different levels], theories, diagnosis, contributing factors, treatment, help, more.
  • Updated ! Dyslexia Information
    ‘This section has loads of useful dyslexia information. It has been put together to help you understand how you’re affected by the condition’.
  • Updated ! Dyslexic
    FAQs, videos, education, parents, more. British Dyslexia Association.
  • Understanding Dyslexia
    ‘Dyslexia Signs and Treatment’.
  • What is Dyslexia ?
    Sections also on Diagnosis, Treatment and Related Disorders.

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Tourette’s Syndrome

Other Conditions

  • Updated ! About Learning Difficulties
    Explanatory page from Department for Education in South Australia.
  • Ed Chapman’s Speech and Developmental Delays Page
    Disabilities from speech delay to autism. Milestones for speech & language up to 5 years, acronyms, fun, more.
  • Learning Disabilities & Disorders
    ‘Types of Learning Disabilities and Learning Disorders and their Signs’. USA.
  • Learning Disabilities : Spotting the Signs
    Raising Children Network, Australia. ‘Although learning disabilities can be challenging for your child, your child can still learn and be successful’.
  • Mathematics and Dyscalculia
    ‘A mathematical disability in which a person has a difficult time solving arithmetic problems and grasping math concepts’.
  • Nonverbal Learning Difficulties
    ‘A neurological disorder which originates in the right hemisphere of the brain, causing problems with visual-spatial, intuitive, organisational, evaluative and holistic processing functions’.
  • Processing Deficits
    ‘The two most common areas of processing difficulty associated with learning disabilities are visual and auditory perception. Information offered here covers these two types of processing deficits, their educational implications, ideas for intervention, and what to do if there is a suspected problem’.

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1. Speech-Language Impairment [SLI] Education Queensland. 23 Jan. 2014. Web. 20 April 2014. Speech-Language Impairment [SLI].

2. Definition of Intellectual Disability. American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2013. Web. 20 April 2014. Definition of Intellectual Disability.

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