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1. evaluate or estimate. 2. set the value of a tax, fine, etc. for [a person or property].
- DERIVATIVES assessable, adjective; assessment, noun; assessor, noun. Old French assesser, from Latin assidere ‘sit by [later ‘levy tax’]’.
Assessment is integral to all aspects of learning, not just because it is required, but because it allows us to judge the effectiveness of the learning process both for those presenting the material and for those learning through it. Educators can review, refine and improve what is offered. It allows learners to know how well they have learned and what they have to do to improve future learning. It can be used at every level from early childhood to higher education and be either individual or system wide assessment.
There is no single assessment method which is best for every situation. Some are easier to use, though not necessarily more effective. The assessment format used should always provide the best information to manage ongoing improvement.
This page looks at national information, software, documents, professional development, specific types of assessment and more. Individual Education Plan information can be found via the link provided.
The First Page looks at assessment processes for all Australian states & territories.
The Assessment pages should be used in conjunction with the Reporting page.
The IB program is not just a senior one but operates at different levels. Australia has roughly equal numbers of schools offering Primary, Middle Years and Diploma Programs.
- Applying with the International Baccalaureate Diploma
Information from UAC in NSW/ACT provides information on how it is regarded, matched to standard scores, more. Links to other states.
- Association of Australasian International Baccalaureate Schools
‘Assists schools in Australasia, providing a network of professional support, information and service’. Lists schools offering the qualification.
- International Baccalaureate
News, events, information about the IB, Information for … , FAQs [IB Answers], blogs, becoming an IB school, what they offer, Online Curriculum Centre [Password Protected], schools worldwide, more.
- International Baccalaureate Schools, Australia
Listing of schools in Australia which operate the IB. A second site also lists these, by state [with programs offered], and has a brief background about the program.
Information for individual states & territories is provided on the other Assessment page. This section provides an Australia-wide overview of the NAPLAN process.
- Effects of NAPLAN
‘This report is the first phase of a larger project that looks at the effects of NAPLAN on school communities’.
- Interpreting NAPLAN Results for the Layperson
Article by Margaret Wu [University of Melbourne] as taken via the Australian Primary Principals’ Association. Good overview.
‘More information about NAPLAN and NAP Sample Assessments. Useful for parents and carers, schools, state and territory authorities and the wider community’.
- National Reports
Reports covering 2008 to 2013. Download the 2015 NAPLAN National Report here. Gain clarity about the Student Reports by videos, samples and more here.
- Principles for National Online Assessment
‘The principles provide strategic direction to ACARA for online delivery of NAPLAN, which is provisionally targeted to commence in 2016, pending careful examination of transition issues’.
- Test Administration Authorities
‘Responsible for the implementation and administration of the NAPLAN tests in their jurisdiction. Contacts’ are provided.
‘Students are assessed using common national tests in Reading, Writing, Language Conventions [Spelling, Grammar and Punctuation] and Numeracy’. All previous year tests are available.
‘Are students well prepared for future challenges ? Can they analyse, reason and communicate effectively ? Do they have the capacity to continue learning throughout life ? The OECD Programme for International Student Assessment [PISA] answers these questions and more, through its surveys of 15-year-olds in the principal industrialised countries’.
- PISA 2012 : How Australia measures up
‘Written by Sue Thomson, Lisa De Bortoli and Sarah Buckley’. ACER
‘Internationally standardised assessment that was jointly developed by participating countries and administered to 15 year-olds in schools’. What is involved, how it works, Assessment Cycle, results, more. OECD.
- PISA 2009 Key FindingsThese can be found here. 6 volumes of information available in PDF format, videos, more.
- PISA 2012 Key Findings
Four volumes of information, country specific overviews, more.
- PISA FAQs
Covers Background, Basics, The Test and Questionnaire, Understanding the Results, Further Questions.
TIMSS & PIRL
The ‘Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study’ and the ‘Progress in International Literacy Study’ provide ‘comparative studies in educational achievement’ globally.
- TIMSS & PIRLS
Both sets of information are reached via this page. ‘First conducted in 1995, TIMSS reports every four years on the achievement of fourth and eighth grade students’ while ‘PIRLS 2011 collects data to provide information on trends in reading literacy achievement of fourth-grade students, while providing baseline data for new countries’. Database information from previous reports from each site.
‘Intended for use by education researchers, teachers, administrators : in short, anyone interested in exploring the teaching practices of different countries’. Includes Australian input.
Upgrade from both Markbook or Quick Vic to this newer software format.
Software to manage students with special needs and learning disabilities.
- Assessment for Targeted Teaching
2015; Research Developments, ACER. ‘Assessment in schools should provide detailed evidence of student learning so that teachers can adapt their teaching to enable further learning growth, according to assessment experts’.
- Challenging Teachers’ Assumptions in an era of Curriculum and Assessment Change
2011; Valentina Klenowski, Jill Willis. ‘As schools take this opportunity to review and renew their school curriculum, it is important for teachers and school leaders to take the time to work out whether there are any assessment myths lurking in the conversations or assumptions that need to be challenged’.
- Discuss : If Essays Are Dead, Then Where Does That Leave Everything Else ?
2015; Kelvin McQueen. ‘A Response to Shirley Alexander’s “Buying Essays : How to Make Sure Assessment Is Authentic”’.
- Leading Thinkers in Conversation
2015; ACER. ‘Three leading thinkers in education - Professor Geoff Masters AO, Dr Michele Bruniges AM and Sir Michael Barber - gathered in Sydney last month to discuss assessment reform and innovation’.
- National Assessment Program : ICT literacy Years 6 and 10
2014; ACARA. ‘Provides a picture of ICT literacy among Australian school students in 2014 and the changes in ICT literacy over nine years since 2005’.
- Tuning in Zoning Out : Student Assessment in Teacher Education
2012; Justine Lawson. ‘This paper reports on data from the author’s reflective journal where insights were derived from conversations about assessment during student interactions’.
- Assessment in Massive Open Online Courses
2015; Wilfried Admiraal, Bart Huisman, Olga Pilli. ‘New web technologies allow for scalable ways to deliver video lecture content, implement social forums and track student progress in MOOCs. In this paper, we present a study on various forms of assessment and their relationship with the final exam score’. UK.
- Assessment to Support Competency-Based Pathways
2015; Chris Domaleski et al. ‘This document addresses the role of summative assessment in supporting CBP, clarifies key assessment challenges, and provides examples and recommendations that will be useful in guiding those who wish to design and implement assessment systems to support CBP’. USA.
- Fijian Teachers’ Conceptions of Assessment
2015; Hem Chand Dayal, Govinda Ishwar Lingam. ‘This study set out to explore Fijian teacher’s conceptions of assessment. Seventy teachers enrolled in an assessment course at a university in Fiji were involved in this study’. Fiji.
- Making Assessment and Accountability Work for Principals
2015; New Leaders. ‘How and how much should students be tested ? What information should schools and districts be required to collect and monitor ? And what should be done when that information suggests a school is not meeting the expectations ?’ USA.
- Online Formative Assessment in Higher Education : Its Pros and Cons
2015; Zwelijongile Gaylard Baleni. ‘This paper’s concern is how online formative assessment provides teaching and learning as well as how lecturers and students benefit from it’. UK.
- Teaching, Learning and Assessment for Adults Improving Foundation Skills
2008; OECD. ‘This annex summarises information provided by the nine countries that submitted background reports for this study’. International.
- Understanding Student Voices about Assessment : Links to Learning and Motivation
2014; James H McMillan, Amanda B Turner. ‘This qualitative study examined elementary and middle school students’ perceptions of assessment’. USA.
- Using large-scale assessments of students’ learning to inform education
2015; Mollie Tobin, Petra Lietz et al. ‘This paper presents results from a systematic review of 68 studies that examined the link between participation in large-scale assessment programs of students’ learning and education policy in 32 countries in the Asia-Pacific region’. Asia-Pacific.
- Assessing Learning in Australian Universities
‘Ideas, strategies and resources for quality in student assessment’. Australian Universities Teaching Committee.
ACARA. NAPLAN testing, National Assessment Program, 2010 National and International Tests for Schools.
- Assessment and Reporting [ACACA]
“A Guide to Senior Secondary Curriculum and Credentialling in Australia and New Zealand”.
- Assessment for Learning
Now through ESA. The topic, assessment tasks, professional development,links to assessment, world information. Their Resources page has DVDs, publications, websites and more.
- Curriculum, Assessment & Professional Learning
- Educational Assessment Australia
‘Specialises in large-scale assessment programs including the International Competitions and Assessments for Schools [ICAS]’.
‘Improve is an online formative assessment tool developed by Education Services Australia for use by education jurisdictions. The tool assists teachers to easily access and use numeracy, literacy and science test items that are digitally linked to relevant curriculum and learning resources’.
- Principles for National Online Assessment
‘Provide strategic direction to ACARA for online delivery of NAPLAN, which is provisionally targeted to commence in 2016’.
- Alternative Assessment Strategies
A series of short descriptors about a variety of assessment techniques.
- Assessment in Kindergarten
Part of a larger site. Links.
- Assessment Online
New Zealand Ministry of Education portal about Assessment. Several sections plus a link to the Reporting process.
- Association for Achievement and Improvement through Assessment
‘For all those with a professional interest in improving learning and teaching through assessment’. UK. Contains usable resources and information.
- Field-tested Learning Assessment Guide
Modules on appropriate assessment methods at the tertiary level.
- Free Online Industrial Training Skills Assessment Tool
‘For your own customised industrial test and also has a growing list of industrial related online assessment tests’.
- Testing and Assessment : Standards & Testing Agency, UK
‘We set the tests to assess children in education from early years to the end of key stage 2’. Links with Teacher assessment : using P scales to report on pupils with SEN which also has links to other areas. Information about Assessment updates are found here.
- Assessment Alternatives
Articles from New Horizons for Learning. 19, plus recommended reading, other links.
- Assessment, Evaluation, and Curriculum Redesign
Online workshop providing explanation, demonstration, exploration and implementation of the concept.
- Assessment Futures
‘An important additional purpose for assessment. It is about equipping students for the learning and assessing they will need to do after completing their course and the challenges they will face after graduation’.
- Classroom Assessment
‘2 parts, each containing 3 lessons. Part I focuses on basic concepts and common assessments such as multiple choice and essay questions. Part II includes performance assessment, classroom interactions, and attitude surveys. Throughout the lessons, resources and techniques for integrating technology are included’.
- Performance Assessment
All aspects of performance assessment from a description to the theory and research that underpins it.
- Performance Assessment Resource Centre
Opens at the Resource Library. Links to resources, publications, more.
- Teaching for Learning - Assessment
Main page, “Assessment section” of “Teaching is Learning”, Flinders University.
- What is Good Assessment ?
‘Adapted from Linda Suskie’s book Assessing Student Learning : “A Common Sense Guide”’.
Special Types of Assessment
- Alternative Strategies for Science Teaching and Assessment
Different formats from Virtual Field Trips to debates, portfolios, cyberguides to Concept Maps & Future Wheels. Each contains links covering multiple educational levels.
- Forms of Alternative Assessment
Definitions and brief information about several alternative forms of assessment. Links to suggested processes.
- Student Led Conferences at the Secondary Level
‘Explains an effective way to engage students and parents in the process of assessment that has useful outcomes for both’.
Electronic Assessment & Reporting
Literature Review. Summary. The Full review is available here.
- Using Technology
“To Support Alternative Assessment and Electronic Portfolios”. ‘Describe and discuss the use of technology to support alternative assessment from a number of perspectives’.
- Web-based Assessment - Two UK Initiatives
‘Tackling the technological, pedagogical and organisational aspects of using the Web to support student assessment’.
Individual Education Plans
- See information on the Assessment Resources page for links to information, checklists, advice and more.
- An Introduction to Science Portfolios
Introduction, information, links to resources.
- Assessing by Portfolio [UNSW]
Overview, when to use, benefits, challenges, strategies, additional information.
- Definitions of Portfolios & Portfolio Assessment
- Digital Portfolio
Definition, potential reasons for doing these, links to other sites on the web. NSW DEC. A related site is Digital Portfolios [Laptop Wraps].
- Digital Portfolios [Digital Learning Futures]
‘Example of a great Digital Portfolio by a classroom teacher, Carmel Mayer, from Cairns School of Distance Education. Includes a great site about Multi-modal texts, new literacies and Web 2.0’.
- Digital Portfolios - Technology A-Z
Definition and examples of some of these in schools from the Victorian Education Department.
- The Digital Portfolio
“A Richer Picture of Student Performance”. Resources.
- E-Portfolios Evolve Thanks to Web 2.0 Tools
Digital Directions. Links to all recommended resources.
- Portfolio Assessment
Articles detailing Assumptions and Procedures, Key Elements, Types, Benefits, bibliography.
‘Articles and resources will help your students build portfolios to demonstrate what they’ve learned so that you can monitor their progress with fewer tests’.
- Portfolios for Student Growth
Free publication covering a process-led approach to portfolio development.
- REAL* ePortfolio Academy
USA. Offers 4 different levels of professional development in this area. Only the first is free. The first provides course content and readings. May be worth considering.
- The Power of Portfolios
Introduction to the portfolio system. Especially early learning and junior primary.
- Welcome to Portfolio !
Canadian site. ‘A place to read, learn and share strategies and resources related to portfolio practices - paper or electronic’.
Student Self Assessment/Evaluation
- Peer Assessment and Self-assessment
‘Much more than children marking their own or each other’s work. It must be an activity that engages children with the quality of their work and helps them reflect on how to improve it’. Now Archived.
- Graphic Organiser Index
Use a range of assessments. Click titles for visual presentations.
- MyRead - Monitoring and Assessment